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Pattern of Medical Admissions in a North- Western Nigerian Tertiary Hospital - a Three Year Review.

Saidu Hadiza, Gbenga OmotadePopoola and Muhammed MubashirUthman, Nigeria

Background: The pattern of medical admissions varies amongst different regions of the world and reflects the relative pattern and trend of diseases burden in the region. This study determined the pattern of medical admissions in Murtala Muhammad Specialist Hospital (MMSH), a tertiary health institution in North- Western Nigeria. Methods: It was a retrospective, descriptive study. The admission and discharge registers of the medical wards from January 2013 to December 2015 were reviewed and relevant data extracted and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 19 software. Results: A total of 4834 patients admitted in to the medical wards within the study period were analyzed. There were 2526 (52.3%) males and 2308(47.7%) females. The non-communicable diseases (NCDs) accounted for 76.4% of the total admissions. Stroke, congestive cardiac failure and diabetes mellitus were the most prevalent non -communicable diseases, while sepsis, malaria and tuberculosis were the most prevalent communicable diseases (CDs). Conclusion: There was higher proportion of males than females. NCDs notably stroke, heart failure and DM were the most common causes of admission. There should be good planning to accommodate health problems with emphasis at primary health care and prevention.

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