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Comparative Study on the Phytochemical Constituents and Fatty Acid Content of Palm Kernel and Coconut Oils

Musa Jeremiah Yusuf, Anthony John Dadah, Muhammad Yusha'u, Katuka Yashim Blessed, and Yusuf Jonathan Musa

This study was aimed at determining the phytochemical constituents and fatty acid content of palm kernel and coconut oils. This was done to reveal the composition of the oils which are responsible for the medicinal and pharmacological properties of the oils. The phytochemicals present in the oils were determined by qualitative analysis using standard method. The fatty acid content of the oils was determined using Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GCMS) Analysis. The phytochemical analysis revealed the Presence of Saponins, Phenol, Terpenoids, Flavonoids and Steroids. The GCMS Analysis revealed the presence of Lauric acid, Myristic acid, Palmitic acid, Oleic acid, Stearic acid and others. Among the Fatty acids, Oleic acid was the Predominant as revealed in this study. The result revealed that both oils contain similar phytochemicals and Fatty acids. From the results obtained it can therefore be concluded that the oils contain some beneficial compounds such as Oleic acid which contains anticancer properties; Lauric acid which contains antimicrobial properties; Myristic acid which help the body to stabilize different proteins used in the immune system and to fight tumors; and Phenols which serve as a standard for other antimicrobial agents.

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