Objective: It is to clarify the actual condition and characteristics of violence of general hospital and psychiatric hospital.
Method: The subjects were 257 nurses working in general hospitals and 356 nurses working in psychiatric hospitals. The survey method was carried out on a self-filled questionnaire. The investigation period was from 12th to 26th May 2015.Question items are the basic attributes (age, years of nursing experience, years of current workplace), experienced violence (yes / no), most recently experienced violence (within 3 months, 3 to 6 months, 12 months, 12 months or more).
Results: 209 (81.3%) of nurses working in general hospitals were experiencing violence by inpatients. 325 (91.3%) of nurses working in psychiatric hospitals were experiencing violence by inpatients. Nurses working at psychiatric hospitals experienced significant violence compared to nurses working in general hospitals.
Discussion: Psychiatric hospitals had significantly more violent nurses than general hospitals. However, it cannot be overlooked that 80% of nurses working in general hospitals are experiencing violence. It seems that the background to receiving violence by nurses working in general hospitals is related to short age and years of experience. It was also thought that an increase in patients with dementia and delirium also affected the occurrence of violence.