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Factors Contributing to Neonatal Deaths in 2013 at a National Hospital in Namibia

Saara Kerthu Hatupopi, Nimibia

The incidences of neonatal deaths are often associated with various factors, some of which are preventable. Most causes of neonatal deaths in sub-Saharan Africa are related to health worker factors and as such avoidable.
Aim: This study investigated avoidable and unavoidable factors contributing to neonatal deaths recorded in 2013 at a national hospital in the Khomas region of Namibia.
Methods: The study used a quantitative research approach with a retrospective descriptive design to investigate avoidable and unavoidable factors contributing to neonatal deaths.
The primary data were collected from a population of 231 record files of all neonates who died during the period 1 January to 31 December 2013 while admitted at the national hospital.
Findings: The study noted the avoidable factors, which were related to healthcare providers and could be avoided, as well as congenital abnormalities that were deemed as unavoidable factors.
Conclusion: The study concluded that most of neonatal deaths are the result of actions or inactions of the healthcare providers and hence can be avoided.
Recommendations: Based on the results of the study, further research is required to assess the knowledge, skills, and behaviours of the healthcare providers.

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