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Prevalence of, and Related Factors Associated with, Neck Pain among Musicians at Dhaka Bangladesh

A Subedi, ASM Giasuddin, M Shahjahan, Bangladesh

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of, and factors related with, neck pain among musicians at Dhaka, Bangladesh;

Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study;

Study Period: 01 January to 30 June 2011;

Materials & Methods: In the presents study, the 120 respondent population (Age: 18-45 years, Mean age +- SD = 25.1+-6.1 years, Gender: 104 males & 16 females) were the artists of established and rising bands and solo artists in government and private music institutes at Dhaka city. They played different types of musical instruments regularly and involved in a band, pub and music institutes with different educational, occupational and socio-economic background and status. The information about the respondents and related to instruments and related neck pain were obtained using the structured questionnaire;

Results: The study revealed that 13.56% of the respondents who practiced seven days a week sustained 14 days prolonged pain in neck and 37.29% had 7 days prolonged pain in neck. Among them, 36.7% did not have knowledge about adverse effect of their job and 80% never participated in training in musician's posture. Those respondents playing the instruments regularly for below 4 years had 30% prevalence of neck pain, whereas the prevalence is 80% among the musicians playing instruments regularly for 17-20 years. The neck pain was significantly related to training in musician's posture, BMI, body weight, period spend without a break and monthly family income (p<0.05);

Conclusions: Musicians who spend more hours on the instrument without break each day and playing instrument regularly for many years are more vulnerable to neck pain. Appropriate posture related training, awareness to take sufficient rest and knowledge about neck pain seemed to be important. Further studies, particularly on interventional physiotherapy, are needed so that high quality care can be provided to musicians to enable them pursuing their passion for music.

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